Understanding plant breeder's rights

Ever seen a plant name followed by (PVR) or (PBR), and wondered what this meant?

Plant Breeder's Rights (or PBR) [formerly known as Plant Variety Rights (or PVR) in Australia] gives plant breeders the ownership of a newly-bred plant variety for a specific period of time. This ensures the breeder has exclusive rights to produce or reproduce that plant’s material. It also prohibits others from dividing or propagating the plant for resale or commercial gain, which is illegal. 

PBRs are typically used to protect new varieties of plants that are distinct, uniform and stable, however PBR legislation also covers essentially derived varieties and farm saved seed. Breeders are encouraged to invest in bringing new plant varieties to the market, as a PBR offers protection for the breeder to recoup a return on that investment. Application, certificate and renewal fees apply to hold a PBR.

Without a PBR, plant names are also sometimes intended for protection. This is represented by either a ™ (meaning Trademark) or an ® (meaning Registered Trademark) following the name.

A trademark can be used by any person or business to indicate that particular plant name is meant to serve as an identifier for the source of that plant. Further, a registered trademark indicates that the trademark has been officially recorded for that plant.

To be registered, a trademark application must meet the legislative requirements. This process begins by submitting the application to – which is then reviewed by – the Australian Government’s agency for Intellectual Property. If approved, it will be visible in the Australian Official Journal of Trade Marks for two months, during which time third parties may oppose the intended registration. If it is unopposed, the trademark is registered. The length of the registration process can depend on the variety being grown. Similarly, the length of protection can also differ for some species.

Different combinations of IP rights can be used to add value to a single plant variety. For example, trademarks are most commonly used in conjunction with PBRs, such as in the case of Westringia 'WES03' Blue Gem™ or Lomandra 'SIR5' Wingarra™.

Explore our online plant library to discover an extensive range of exclusive PBR plants.

Understanding plant breeder's rights

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Plant for a blooming Easter

Instead of gifting chocolate, try capturing the essence of this festive holiday and celebrating the autumn season by spreading new life (and colour) throughout your garden.

Rejoice in Yellow

What better way to retain a little of the summer sunshine in your autumn planting, than with some bright splashes of yellow! Easter time is filled with yellow: new chicks, fresh eggs and golden sunsets. Yellow is typically recognized as representing positivity, happiness and friendship, so what better colour to spread along the garden beds!

The unique flowering pattern of Calibrachoa Superbells Lemon Slice is sure to impress, with striking alternating stripes of yellow and white. Calibrachoas are ideal for spilling over garden beds, hanging in baskets or growing in courtyard pots for brightening the space with a stunning display of colour. Discover the lush purple flowers of Evening Star or the pink and yellow splotched flowers of Holy Cow.

 

Comparatively, the Gazania Sahara is a hardy, ground cover producing masses of large, bright double yellow flowers throughout the year. Preferring a full sun position, it is ideal for coastal areas or rockery gardens. Another stunning, long-flowering option is the Hemerocallis stella bella, an easy to grow dwarf day lily that is low maintenance and ideal for mass planting in garden beds or potted into containers.

Go Bold with Raven

Not all colour is bright... Explore the bold, luxurious foliage of new Zamioculcas Raven, now available. The shiny, black feathered leaves of Raven remind you of the impressive large bird from which the plant derives its name. It’s this natural dark colour progression that makes for such a strong statement in any space!

Winter Flowering

Want more than just yellow? Embrace other new season seedlings, now in stock, to add pops of colour amongst your existing green life.

Plant abundant trays of Pansy Can Can, Fantasy Mix, or Regal Ruffles for masses of brilliantly coloured and fragrant flowers in a wide array of white, black, blue, purple, pink, red, peach, orange, and yellow. Preferring a full sun or partial shade position, Pansies are ideal for garden beds, borders, rockeries, containers and hanging baskets.

 

New Release

Radermachera sinica Jade Jewel is a beautiful lush plant which will be a great addition to your indoor collection. Its foliage is very attractive and quite delicate. The glossy, mid-green leaves are divided into leaflets and although similar shaped, are larger leaves than the China Doll.

Jade Jewel is fairly compact and easy to care for. Its lovely bushy upright growth can really give that jungle feel to your favourite relaxing or entertaining areas.

 

Autumn is also prime vegetable planting time - so start now to reap the rewards of delicious home-grown veggies.

Plant for a blooming Easter

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Understanding Tubestock

Tubestock

As a term used widely by the industry, tubestock refers to plants grown in smaller nursery containers or 'cells' (typically between 40-70mm in size) to encourage a fully established root system prior to being planted out. 

Tubestock is both a cost and time effective way of obtaining native plants en masse that are suitable for planting straight into the field, providing instant value to your project.

Benara Nurseries’ cells are custom-made with internal ribbing to train the root growth in a downward motion, preventing spiraling and encouraging an elongated and deeper root structure. Our tubestock is already sun hardened and air pruned, providing a higher quality stock with a greater survival rate. All of our stock are grown on benches to allow air flow and good hygiene, with the plants also receiving 6 to 8 months slow-release fertilizer, providing excellent nutrition for their establishment in revegetation projects.

Benara Nurseries are accredited by the Nursery Industry Accreditation Scheme Australia (NIASA) in both Greenlife Market and Nusery, as well as EcoHort cerified. These independently-audited schemes, along with our regular integrated pest and disease management, ensure that Benara Nurseries stock maintains the highest industry standards and uses best growing practices. We mass produce reeds and sedges, and hand produce the more delicate species. Our team are also continually trialling new and recalcitrant species.

Revegetation

At Benara Nurseries, our dedicated native revegetation department is passionate about rebuilding the natural habitat. Our team of expert horticulturalists have the experience and knowledge to propagate and produce the highest quality native tubestock for revegetation and landscaping projects.

We have the capabilities to grow exceptionally high volumes of tubestock varieties. We can produce smaller, provenance-specific revegetation stock through to large-scale volume growing for commercial rehabilitation contracts.

The majority of our revegetation stock is grown from seed for greater genetic diversity, and our species list is wide ranging, with plants suitable for a number of local environments covering metro and regional Western Australian conditions.

Orders

Benara Nurseries' tubestock is provided in narrow 50mm W x 50mm x D 100mm H cells. All of our tubestock is then available in either a single rack (of 20 cells) or as 64 and 104 cell trays, with all orders placed in multiples of tray sizes. 

As part of Benara Nurseries' sustainability practices, all trays are salvaged, steam sterilized and reused in our production.

Speak to our Sales staff for more information or to place an order on 08 9561 9000 or benara@benara.com.au

Understanding Tubestock

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Amazing Alocasias

Commonly known as ‘Elephant Ears’ or 'African mask plant', Alocasias are rhizomatous or tuberous plants native to subtropical Asia and eastern Australia, and are increasingly becoming popular as houseplants. Not to be confused with Colocasia, the Alocasia leaf tips point up - whereas Colocasia leaves point down.

Known for their large, beautiful leaves, Alocasias are ideal for creating an exotic vibe either indoors, out on the patio or in the garden. Their oversized, lush foliage makes for a fantastic focal point, coming in an impressive array of colours, patterns and interesting shapes. 

The Alocasia wentii is known for its unique green leaves with contrasting bronze-purple undersides, while the unusual form of Alocasia Stingray has to be seen to be believed. Its leaf shape does in fact look like a Stingray, with fish-like wings and a long tail!

Even though Alocasias can grow to be a sizeable evergreen plant, dependant on species, they can still look airy and elegant thanks to tall, smooth stems that grow out of a tuber. Their stems can also be plain, striped, or display stunning contrasting colours.

The spectacularly wide, heart-shaped leaves of Alocasia macrorrhiza or ‘Giant Taro’ are huge!

By comparison Alocasia zebrina Sarian is typically a taller and more slender looking plant, with familiar arrowhead-shaped leaves. Similarly, the Alocasia lauterbachiana has stiff, tapered leaves with burgundy undersides and purple mottled stems.

Alocasias can grow rapidly, often producing a new leaf almost every week in the warm summer months.

For optimum growing conditions, they need bright, indirect light. Alocasias’ natural habitat is on the rainforest floor underneath a tree canopy, therefore they thrive amongst ferns and other shade-loving plants. Position in a partly-shaded, warm and humid part of the garden, or in a well-lit, protected spot indoors. Misting the leaves in areas of low humidity is also recommended to maintain the lush foliage.

Create an instant jungle feel by planting Alocasia under low windows, as an accent in a mixed bed, grouped in a focal area, alongside a courtyard or patio, or surrounding a palm or tree.

Learn more about these and other Alocasias in our online plant library.

Amazing Alocasias

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Start your greenlife career with us. We are now hiring.

A career in the greenlife industry means you will meaningfully contribute to creating liveable cities, healthy environments and protecting the future of food security in Australia.

Benara Nurseries are currently seeking part time nursery team members to join us at our wholesale production nursery Carabooda location.

We are looking for self-motivated hands on people who have a positive attitude, who are fit and reliable. We have one area with positions vacant;

Maintenance crew – full and part time

  • 7am till 3:30pm
  • Also can suit parents for part time roles with school kids
  • Maintaining our nursery stock, weeding, staking, pruning
  • Tractor operation for some personal

These roles have the opportunity for future job progression in the horticultural industry, and for enthusiastic and motivated team members future opportunities to join our apprenticeship program. A career path in Horticulture is only limited by your interests and motivation, there are many learning pathways that be can taken.

Check out this industry overview here.

Successful applicants will also require a pair of steel capped safety boots. All other PPE (personal protective equipment) is provided.

Please note we are located in Carabooda, there is no public transport to our site.

For more information or to apply, please email a resume (word doc or PDF format preferable) to jobs@benara.com.au

Start your greenlife career with us. We are now hiring.

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Get to know Ornamental Pears

Pyrus, or ornamental pear, is a medium-sized deciduous tree. Available in nine varieties, this attractive tree provides a stunning feature that will grace any space. Different varieties produce contrasting foliage in a range of autumnal colours that include radiant yellow, bright orange, brilliant red and deep purple; with the ‘Nivalis’ variety also transitioning through to striking silver.

Pyrus puts on an exceptional floral display in Spring, with a mass of white flowers, although the ‘Winter Glow’ and ‘Red Spire’ varieties also exhibit touches of pale pink. Perfect for use as either a solitary accent tree, as a double act to frame entranceways, or in multiples to line narrow garden avenues. The ‘Manchurian Pear or ‘ussuriensis’ variety is also wider spreading, making it ideal for use as a shade tree.

Image: Landscape Design by COS.

Pyrus is typically suited to an area of full sun, although the ‘Chanticleer’ variety is tolerant of part shade, with all preferring moist well drained soils. Relatively low maintenance, prune your Pyrus if desired to maintain clearance. Water well initially and it will tolerate dry conditions once established.

 

 

Discover our range of Pyrus below. 

Species Size Shape Foliage
Pyrus Nivalis 8m H x 6m W

Upright/narrow

Green / Grey / Red / Silver

Pyrus calleryana Capital 10m H x 3m W

Oval/narrow

Green / Orange / Purple / Red / Yellow

Pyrus ussuriensis 10m H x 8m W

Round/pyramidal

Green / Orange / Red / Yellow

Pyrus calleryana Cleveland Select 11m H x 4m W

Upright/narrow

Green / Orange / Purple / Red / Yellow

Pyrus calleryana Chanticleer 11m H x 6m W

Conical/narrow

Green / Orange / Red / Yellow

Pyrus calleryana Winter Glow 12m H x 4m W

Vase shaped

Green / Orange / Red

Pyrus calleryana Aristocrat 12m H x 8m W

Pyramidal

Green / Orange / Red / Yellow

Pyrus calleryana Bradford 12m H x 8m W

Pyramidal

Green / Orange / Purple / Red / Yellow

Pyrus calleryana Red Spire 12m H x 8m W

Pyramidal

Green / Purple / Red

 

Get to know Ornamental Pears

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Perfect Pathways - Lawn Alternatives

Perfect Pathways, Lawn alternatives, planting blocks.

Discover our new release Perfect Pathways plant blocks! This range consists of lawn alternatives suitable for low–traffic which have been grown in block trays to make planting quick and easy and provide instant impact. These plants are perfect for filling the gaps between pavers. They are low-maintenance, with no mowing required, and are spreading ground covers which can be cut into sections, strips or laid end to end for an instant lawn alternative.

Dichondra repens

Dichondra is an excellent ground cover and will spread by putting its’ own roots where each node meets the soil, making it an ideal lawn substitute in cooler areas of Australia or in small and partly shaded gardens.

 

Chamomile Roman

A ground cover with cute yellow/white flowers with an aroma of apple. Ideal for dappled or semi shade areas in the afternoon. Aromatic foliage and pretty daisy flowers can be kept neat and tidy with a whipper snipper.

 

Mint Pennyroyal

A spreading mint, great as lawn sub. Forms a dense matting ground cover that release a strong spearmint aroma when walked on. Good to keep insects at bay.

 

Sagina Green

Forms a dense moss-like coverage with white flowers. Ground hugging emerald green moss, beautiful velvety feel making a luxurious carpet under foot.

 

Thyme Creeping

Spreading thyme with masses of mauve coloured flowers. Dense prostrate low growing ground cover with masses of pink flowers in spring. Perfect for filling spots between pathways. Highly fragrant foliage when crushed. Available online and in the Trademart now.

 

Perfect Pathways - Lawn Alternatives

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Breathe Deeply in the Greenery

Just like your phone or your laptop, sometimes you need to recharge your batteries. It's good to get away from all the stress, from people demanding things of you, and a head overflowing with information. Sometimes all you need is a short time in your own green refuge.

Our top low maintenance plant picks for recharging you and your space include:

Spathiphyllum - Peace Lily

Spathiphyllum

Spathiphyllum Sensation offers beautiful style and symmetry to any indoor space office or home. These varieties are very forgiving during periods of no water and will recover quickly. 

Zamioculcas Gem - ZZ Plant
ZZ plant

The ZZ Plant is an incredibly hardy perennial that produces glossy green elliptical leaves which are borne on long fleshy stems. They are easy to grow and will tolerate all sorts of neglect including drought conditions dry air and low light. 


Howea forsteriana - Kentia Palms
Kentia Palm
Howea forsteriana has been used as an indoor plant since Victorian times and has proven to be as popular today as it was then. Howea forsteriana can tolerate low sunlight exposure, air conditioning and central indoor heating. Howea forsteriana is relatively low maintenance.

 

Plants do a brilliant job of sheltering you — but that's not all they do. As you sit hidden behind the leaves, you'll discover they bring a sense of peace. This is because plants release oxygen, giving you new energy as you breathe in the clean air. You've surrounded yourself with peaceful, living things that demand nothing of you apart from water. Breathe out, drop your shoulders, and relax in your own green hideaway.

Breathe Deeply in the Greenery

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How Long Does It Take To Grow Our Trees?

As part of our quality control processes and as we grow from one pot size to another to ensure proper root development and plant growth each variety of plant is propagated at a specific time of year. Ordering your stock at the right time will ensure we can then program growing times to have the best possible specimens at the time of sale. Not allowing enough time or having trees growing for too long can impact their health.

Lead Times

Average time it takes to get stock to the right size

• Tubestock, 13cm, 14cm grow pots = 6 months – 1 year
• 17cm, 5lt, 8lt grow pots = 1 - 1.5 years
• 12lt, 30lt, 90lt grow pots = 2 - 3 years
• 200lt grow pots/bags = 4 years+

Image growth timeline is intended as a guide only. Contact us to disscuss your needs.

 

What to consider for ordering?

Plants take time to grow. When it comes to ordering advanced stock we strive to have a range of plant sizes available. In order to ensure we have the right size for your project needs there are some specific times of the year where it is best to place you order to help us meet your requirements.

How Long Does It Take To Grow Our Trees?

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Raven Zamioculcas - It has arrived!

It´s time to meet this remarkable dark variety!

Zamioculcas Raven is a new addition to the zamioculcas family, it stands out with its black leaves and stunning natural colour progression. Zamioculcas has a tried and tested status as a rugged indoor plant. Strong statement in any space! The shiny, black feathered leaves of Raven remind you of the impressive large bird from which the plant derives its name.

Being so strong, Raven feels equally at home in a modern living room, chaotic student flat or packed open plan office. A real feature plant with few demands. Zamioculcas Raven can also cope with an owner who is a slightly forgetful waterer. If it hasn't had any water for a while it will just rely on the reserves that it stores in its roots and rhizomes!

The natural colour development. A beautiful process to see at home!

Phase 1: Ravens new growth begins in a bright green new shoot. The shoot is know as a feather.

Phase 2: Once the new shoot is completely open, Raven will start its beautiful colour transformation. The colour transformation starts out as bright green and as it ages turns dark to almost black. You see the change begin in the tips of the leaves before spreading.

Phase 3: The leaves darken over a period of around 8 weeks depending on the amount of light it gets. The more light the faster it darkens. Once the leaves turn black they will stay dark until the next new leaf appears.

Raven Zamioculcas - It has arrived!

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Contract Growing with Benara Nurseries

We specialise in contract growing trees, plants and seedlings. Our experienced horticultural consultants and production staff can discuss and plan any growing requirements you may have. With over 50 years of production data to draw from and experience in growing everything from native to exotic species we can manage the growing for a whole project or catalogue promotion.

Plants take time to grow and in some cases years to achieve the desired size or look required. Our horticultural consultants can help you to understand lead times, seasonal trends, new releases and discuss options to make sure you get the results you are after.

By having us involved in the planning stages it will take some of the guess work and stress away from having to substitute species at the time of planting, or miss out on key retail sales lines throughout the year.

We contract grow for retail promotions, commercial landscape, state government projects, local government street tree planting, revegetation, market gardens and forestry trees seedlings.


Image: Contract grown advanced trees in the nursery and planted onsite

Learn more about contract growing with us here

or call one of our horticultural consultants today to discuss your next project requirements.

Contract Growing with Benara Nurseries

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Kings Park Grevilleas

Kings Park is currently undergoing a plant-breeding program which breeds new varieties of plants that reflect the nature of Western Australian flora. Their new grevilleas include the 'moon series' (Karijini Moon, Kimberly Moon, Scarlet Moon, Honey Moon), the 'dream series' (Aphrodite's Dream, Gelato Dream, Raspberry Dream and Tangerine Dream) and Outback Sunrise

The new grevilleas feature prolonged flowering periods in brilliant colors from yellow through to red. The new grevilleas not only look spectacular but are good for the environment and easy to grow according to Kings Park’s senior plant breeder Digby Growns.

‘We want more people to grow WA plants in their home gardens. Our view is that by growing plants adapted to our environment, they will use less water, less fertiliser, provide habitat for native fauna and celebrate our unique sense of place,’ explains Digby.

 

Creating these cultivars requires patience and the unique expertise of Kings Park’s plant breeding experts, with each new cultivar taking up to seven years to develop. Their unique toothbrush blooms make for an ideal feature plant in native, waterwise and rockery gardens or in landscapes where they will attract birds to the area.

 

Once established, grevilleas respond well to pruning which helps to maintain the desired shape. They require full sun and well drained soil, and work well in mixed garden beds. Fertilise yearly with a slow release native fertiliser. 

Kings Park Grevilleas

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